A. Innovative Networking
1 Innovative knowledge resulting from COST networking through the Action. (Specific examples of Results vs. Objectives)
The Action has created many new links between groups that are rooted in previously disparate and isolated fields (examples listed in Annexes B.1 and B.2). The new links are documented by the large number of STSMs (53), most of which took place between groups in different disciplines. The new knowledge that resulted from COST networking through the Action is documented in 115 publications generated (see Annex A).
2 Significant scientific breakthroughs as part of the COST Action. (Specific examples)
Slingsby et al. (2012) had an award winning entry in the “Nokia Mobile Data Challenge”, in which they presented an analysis of social networks of mobile phone users through novel methods of geovisual analytics. http://vimeo.com/43245266
Andrienko et al. (2012) introduced a novel methodology to analyse and aggregate large volumes of ‘messy’ eye tracking data by means of visual analytics. This work won the Best Paper Award at the VAST 2012 conference. Background material: http://geoanalytics.net/and/papers/vast2012em/
Aronov et al. (2013) developed a new and mathematically proper way to define the grouping and changes in grouping of moving objects, using techniques from computational topology and computational geometry. Algorithms to construct the grouping structure and videos demonstrating its usefulness were also developed.
Some example domains: animal ecology (animal behavior), marine transport and safety (abnormal vessel movements), transportation planning (bicycle routes), urbanism (e.g. space use in city centers), tourism (visitor management in parks), public health (activity level and body weight), sports (football), neurosciences (drug discovery in zebrafish), anomalies in container itineraries, commuting patterns in mobile phone users, etc., etc.
A prototypical example of a breakthrough that would not have been possible without MOVE has been achieved by Kevin Buchin, a theoretical computer scientist from TU Eindhoven, and Erik Willems, an animal ecologist specializing on the study of primates, from the University of Zurich. Together, they generated a novel toolbox for movement pattern analysis in animal ecology, which took the best-of-breed movement model in animal ecology (Brownian Bridges) and combined this with the best-of-breed algorithms in movement analysis from computer science (Buchin et al. 2012). The toolbox is implemented in the R statistics system and thus available to interested animal ecologists. This work very appropriately won the COST Conference Grant 2012.
3 Tangible medium term socio-economic impacts achieved or expected. (Specific examples)
The main reason for our confidence being that solutions such as these have been developed in joint work between ICT researchers and domain specialists, thus making sure the requirements of the application domain are integrated into the research process. This cross-disciplinary approach is typical for most STSMs within MOVE.
4 Spin off of new EC RTD Framework Programme proposals/projects. (Examples)
Gennady & Natalia Andrienko, Fraunhofer Institute & partners, FP7 project INSIGHT: INtelligent Synthesis and Real-tIme Response using Massive StreaminG of HeTerogeneous Data, STREP in ICT-2011.4.4 Intelligent Information Management (since in Nov 2012) http://www.insight-ict.eu/
Two COST proposals are pursued for potential submission for the September 2012 deadline:
DATASIM "Data Science for Simulating the Era of Electric Vehicles"; FP7/ICT FET-Open STREP full proposal under evaluation (InfoLab U. Piraeus with ISTI-CNR and other partners)
HYDRA: High-Performance Distributed Computing for Processing and Analysis of Big Spatio-Temporal Data (Awaiting Approval)
5 Spin off of new National Programme proposals/projects. (Examples)
Gennady & Natalia Andrienko, Fraunhofer Institute (DE), jointly with Daniel Keim, Univ. of Constance (DE): ViAMoD - Visual Analysis of Movement and Event Data in Spatiotemporal Context 2012-2014, as part of DFG priority research program on visual analytics (SPP 1335)
Approval of an intl. workshop on “Analysis and Visualization of Moving objects” at the Lorentz Centre of Leiden University, NL, scheduled for 27 June – 1 July, 2011. Subsidised by the Lorentz Centre.
Approval of project “CASIMO: Context-Aware Simulation of Moving Objects”, funded by the Swiss State Secretariat for Education and Research. Duration: 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2013 (Robert Weibel)
Approval of project “CAMA: Context-Aware Movement Analysis”, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation. Duration 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2014 (Patrick Laube)
Approval of project “Algorithms for Context-Aware Trajectory Analysis”, funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientic Research (NWO). Duration 01.09.2011 – 01.03.2015 http://www.nwo.nl/en/research-and-results/research-projects/83/2300168683.html
Dr Juha Oksanen, Finnish Geodetic Institute, and Åbo Akademi University, Finland. Project: Revolution of Location-Based Services: Embedded Data Refinement in Service Processes from Massive Geospatial Datasets (SUPRA), Funded by Tekes – the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. Funding period: 1 Jan 2013 – 31 Dec 2014. Funding: ~350 000 €. http://www.fgi.fi/fgi/research/research-projects/revolution-location-based-services-supra
B. Inter-disciplinary networking
6 Additional knowledge obtained from working with other disciplines within the COST framework. (Specific examples)
The key feature of this Action is to bring together ICT researchers, who specialise in developing novel algorithms and methods in knowledge discovery from moving objects, with domain specialists, who possess in-depth knowledge and precious data sets in relevant application domains, and who also serve as ‘end-users’. Most of the collaborations that have produced significant outputs have involved multidisciplinary teams, this being noticeable when looking at the different STSMs conducted so far (computer science & biology, geography and computer science, maritime information systems and computer science, urban planning and GIScience, flight safety and computer science etc. etc.). Some examples of such interdisciplinary collaborations that have been made possible through this Action:
7 Evaluation of whether the level of inter-disciplinarity is sufficient to potentially provide scientific impacts. (Specific examples)
Yes, very clearly! Inter-disciplinarity is the mantra of this Action. See the examples in this report and in Appendix B.
8 Evaluation of whether the level of inter-disciplinarity is sufficient to potentially provide socioeconomic impacts. (Specific examples)
Yes! See examples of this report (in particular Appendix B). Small-network collaborations started out during the first year in two areas, maritime transportation and animal ecology. Since then, additional collaborations started spawning in other applications areas, such as urban design and planning, visitor management in protected areas, transport (pedestrian and bicycle movement), etc. etc.
C. New networking
9 Total number of individual participants involved in the Action work. (Number of participants. Give % of female and of Early Stage Researcher participants)
Total membership in MC and four WGs: 140 members, 22 % female
3 out of 10 Steering Group members are female.
Chair of STSM Assessment Panel was female until 12/2011. Since then male.
3 out of 8 WG co-leaders are Early Stage Researchers.
In 2012, the MC decided to admit PhD students into WGs. Previously, they were not allowed into WGs, as there was concern that the WGs might overflow with too many members.
10 Involvement of Early Stage Researchers in the Action, in particular with respect to STSMs, networking activities, and Training Schools.
Of the total of 53 STSMs organized in this Action, 46 beneficiaries were ESRs, 9 female.
5 Training Schools organized:
11 Involvement of researchers from outside of COST Countries.
Prof. Joachim Gudmundsson, NICTA and University of Sydney, Australia. Gudmundsson hosted PhD student Frank Staals from the University of Utrecht (NL) on an STSM in February 2013.
Prof. Ji Zhang, University of Southern Queensland, Australia
12 Promotion of scientific knowledge through publications and other outreach activities.
The MOVE website (www.move-cost.info) has been online since March 2010 providing a platform for outreach and promotion of the researcher network, thus also attracting potential new members.
A bibliography platform (refbase) has been installed during in 2010 that is accessible through the website. The bibliography is being filled by members of the Action.
A flyer has been produced which in available for dissemination at conferences and other public events since December 2010.
115 joint publications were generated and reported (see Annex A). Several others probably went unreported.
12 special issues of journals were produced (see Annex A). 6 of these were generated from workshops funded by IC0903.
2 textbooks published in 2013, plus one review article in ACM Computing Surveys (Parent et al. 2013).
Several public tutorials held as outreach activity. For instance, in 2012:
In 2012, 7 public workshops were organized jointly by MOVE members, outside the MOVE network (for overview reports, see Annex B.3)
13 Activities and projects with COST network colleagues.
Joint research projects or collaborations, initiated in 2010 or on-going:
Joint funding proposals – awarded and submitted:
Provided & exchanged datasets:
Several researchers made data available to the IC0903 community. The InfoLab at the University of Piraeus is implementing a repository for these data sets under the domain www.chorochronos.org, as a migration of the popular www.rtreeportal.org, which mainly focused on spatial and spatio-temporal databases. To list a few, the new repository will include location data and trajectories from road transportation (fleet of trucks, schoolbuses etc.), maritime transporation (AIS signals from vessels) and tracks of animals in the wild. Currently, the design of the web site is being finalized and a proposed meta-data schema is under discussion and evaluation among partners.