1 Innovative knowledge resulting from COST networking through the Action. (Specific examples of Results vs. Objectives)

The Action has created many new links between groups that are rooted in previously disparate and isolated fields (examples listed in Annexes B.1 and B.2). The new links are documented by the large number of STSMs (53), most of which took place between groups in different disciplines. The new knowledge that resulted from COST networking through the Action is documented in 115 publications generated (see Annex A).

2 Significant scientific breakthroughs as part of the COST Action. (Specific examples)

Slingsby et al. (2012) had an award winning entry in the “Nokia Mobile Data Challenge”, in which they presented an analysis of social networks of mobile phone users through novel methods of geovisual analytics. http://vimeo.com/43245266

Andrienko et al. (2012) introduced a novel methodology to analyse and aggregate large volumes of ‘messy’ eye tracking data by means of visual analytics. This work won the Best Paper Award at the VAST 2012 conference. Background material: http://geoanalytics.net/and/papers/vast2012em/

Aronov et al. (2013) developed a new and mathematically proper way to define the grouping and changes in grouping of moving objects, using techniques from computational topology and computational geometry. Algorithms to construct the grouping structure and videos demonstrating its usefulness were also developed.

Some example domains: animal ecology (animal behavior), marine transport and safety (abnormal vessel movements), transportation planning (bicycle routes), urbanism (e.g. space use in city centers), tourism (visitor management in parks), public health (activity level and body weight), sports (football), neurosciences (drug discovery in zebrafish), anomalies in container itineraries, commuting patterns in mobile phone users, etc., etc.

A prototypical example of a breakthrough that would not have been possible without MOVE has been achieved by Kevin Buchin, a theoretical computer scientist from TU Eindhoven, and Erik Willems, an animal ecologist specializing on the study of primates, from the University of Zurich. Together, they generated a novel toolbox for movement pattern analysis in animal ecology, which took the best-of-breed movement model in animal ecology (Brownian Bridges) and combined this with the best-of-breed algorithms in movement analysis from computer science (Buchin et al. 2012). The toolbox is implemented in the R statistics system and thus available to interested animal ecologists. This work very appropriately won the COST Conference Grant 2012.

3 Tangible medium term socio-economic impacts achieved or expected. (Specific examples)

The main reason for our confidence being that solutions such as these have been developed in joint work between ICT researchers and domain specialists, thus making sure the requirements of the application domain are integrated into the research process. This cross-disciplinary approach is typical for most STSMs within MOVE.

4 Spin off of new EC RTD Framework Programme proposals/projects. (Examples)

Gennady & Natalia Andrienko, Fraunhofer Institute & partners, FP7 project INSIGHT: INtelligent Synthesis and Real-tIme Response using Massive StreaminG of HeTerogeneous Data, STREP in ICT-2011.4.4 Intelligent Information Management (since in Nov 2012) http://www.insight-ict.eu/

Two COST proposals are pursued for potential submission for the September 2012 deadline:

  • One oriented towards high-performance computing of spatio-temporal queries on very large data sets, coming out of WG2 and WG3.
  • Another one on animal movement and remote sensing.

  • DATASIM "Data Science for Simulating the Era of Electric Vehicles"; FP7/ICT FET-Open STREP full proposal under evaluation (InfoLab U. Piraeus with ISTI-CNR and other partners)

    HYDRA: High-Performance Distributed Computing for Processing and Analysis of Big Spatio-Temporal Data (Awaiting Approval)

    5 Spin off of new National Programme proposals/projects. (Examples)

    Gennady & Natalia Andrienko, Fraunhofer Institute (DE), jointly with Daniel Keim, Univ. of Constance (DE): ViAMoD - Visual Analysis of Movement and Event Data in Spatiotemporal Context 2012-2014, as part of DFG priority research program on visual analytics (SPP 1335)

    Approval of an intl. workshop on “Analysis and Visualization of Moving objects” at the Lorentz Centre of Leiden University, NL, scheduled for 27 June – 1 July, 2011. Subsidised by the Lorentz Centre.

    Approval of project “CASIMO: Context-Aware Simulation of Moving Objects”, funded by the Swiss State Secretariat for Education and Research. Duration: 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2013 (Robert Weibel)

    Approval of project “CAMA: Context-Aware Movement Analysis”, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation. Duration 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2014 (Patrick Laube)

    Approval of project “Algorithms for Context-Aware Trajectory Analysis”, funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientic Research (NWO). Duration 01.09.2011 – 01.03.2015 http://www.nwo.nl/en/research-and-results/research-projects/83/2300168683.html

    Dr Juha Oksanen, Finnish Geodetic Institute, and Åbo Akademi University, Finland. Project: Revolution of Location-Based Services: Embedded Data Refinement in Service Processes from Massive Geospatial Datasets (SUPRA), Funded by Tekes – the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. Funding period: 1 Jan 2013 – 31 Dec 2014. Funding: ~350 000 €. http://www.fgi.fi/fgi/research/research-projects/revolution-location-based-services-supra

    6 Additional knowledge obtained from working with other disciplines within the COST framework. (Specific examples)

    The key feature of this Action is to bring together ICT researchers, who specialise in developing novel algorithms and methods in knowledge discovery from moving objects, with domain specialists, who possess in-depth knowledge and precious data sets in relevant application domains, and who also serve as ‘end-users’. Most of the collaborations that have produced significant outputs have involved multidisciplinary teams, this being noticeable when looking at the different STSMs conducted so far (computer science & biology, geography and computer science, maritime information systems and computer science, urban planning and GIScience, flight safety and computer science etc. etc.). Some examples of such interdisciplinary collaborations that have been made possible through this Action:

  • Workshop on “Innovation in Movement Behavior Analysis” at the International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, which took place on August 25th 2010 at Eindhoven University, The Netherlands. This workshop was organised by members of the Action IC0903, though not funded by the Action (and thus not counted towards the deliverables of the Action). It brought together domain specialists from tourist and consumer research with ICT specialists dealing with dynamic space-time data. It was geared towards promoting the Action within a community that routinely deals with measuring behavior.
  • Animal ecology: On 5-10 December 2010, a workshop on “Representation, Analysis and Visualization of Moving Objects” took place at the Leibniz Centre for Informatics at Schloss Dagstuhl, Germany. This workshop was organised by members of Action IC0903, though not funded by the Action (and hence is not counted towards the deliverables of the Action). At the workshop, two researchers in animal ecology brought highly interesting and unique movement data sets on seagulls and vervet monkeys, respectively.
  • Nico Van de Weghe (U Ghent) did an STSM at TU Delft (host: van der Spek) and contributed to the our 'Sensing the City Programme’ by carrying out Bluetooth Scanning (a specialty of the Ghent group). This was very valuable for the course and research. Besides, the innovation was the combination of GPS tracking and BT scanning — never been done before. Paper in preparation.
  • The collaboration between the animal ecology expertise at Fondazione Edmund Mach (Francesca Cagnacci) and the Dept of Geography at University of Gent (Nico Van de Weghe) has allowed to shed innovative light on analyses of animal movement patterns, and specifically the opportunity of including the spatio-temporal nature of location sequences. First results from this approach have been explored during an STSM, and a Master thesis co-adviced between the two institutes.
  • Interpolation of GPS-data in ecological field research: Project by Bart Liefers, Utrecht University. Supervised by Marc van Kreveld (computer science, Utrecht) and with Emiel van Loon (animal ecology, U Amsterdam). Ten different interpolation models have been designed for GPS-tracked lesser black-backed gulls from a colony on Texel. Their ability to predict trajectory length, location and velocity at intermediate values in this data-set was analyzed at different sampling rates. Compared to ordinary linear interpolation, improvements between 8 and 58% on accuracy in predicted locations are possible. Finally, a new movement model, based on the speed of the birds is proposed, significantly improving location and speed estimates. Joint publication in preparation.

  • 7 Evaluation of whether the level of inter-disciplinarity is sufficient to potentially provide scientific impacts. (Specific examples)

    Yes, very clearly! Inter-disciplinarity is the mantra of this Action. See the examples in this report and in Appendix B.

    8 Evaluation of whether the level of inter-disciplinarity is sufficient to potentially provide socioeconomic impacts. (Specific examples)

    Yes! See examples of this report (in particular Appendix B). Small-network collaborations started out during the first year in two areas, maritime transportation and animal ecology. Since then, additional collaborations started spawning in other applications areas, such as urban design and planning, visitor management in protected areas, transport (pedestrian and bicycle movement), etc. etc.

    9 Total number of individual participants involved in the Action work. (Number of participants. Give % of female and of Early Stage Researcher participants)

    Total membership in MC and four WGs: 140 members, 22 % female

    3 out of 10 Steering Group members are female.

    Chair of STSM Assessment Panel was female until 12/2011. Since then male.

    3 out of 8 WG co-leaders are Early Stage Researchers.

    In 2012, the MC decided to admit PhD students into WGs. Previously, they were not allowed into WGs, as there was concern that the WGs might overflow with too many members.

    10 Involvement of Early Stage Researchers in the Action, in particular with respect to STSMs, networking activities, and Training Schools.

    Of the total of 53 STSMs organized in this Action, 46 beneficiaries were ESRs, 9 female.

    5 Training Schools organized:

  • Summer Course in Computational Geo-Ecology, 5-10 July 2010: 34 ESRs funded by IC0903.
  • Summer School on Mobility, Data Mining, and Privacy, 26 AUG – 1 SEPT 2010: 15 ESRs funded by IC0903.
  • Training School at University of Ghent, Belgium, 23.-26.08.2011: 31 ESRs funded by IC0903.
  • PhD Seminar at Mobile Tartu, 22-25 August 2012: 10 ESRs funded by IC0903.
  • Training School at Leysin, Switzerland, 01.-06.07.2012: 25 ESRs funded by IC0903.

  • 11 Involvement of researchers from outside of COST Countries.

    Prof. Joachim Gudmundsson, NICTA and University of Sydney, Australia. Gudmundsson hosted PhD student Frank Staals from the University of Utrecht (NL) on an STSM in February 2013.

    Prof. Ji Zhang, University of Southern Queensland, Australia

    12 Promotion of scientific knowledge through publications and other outreach activities.

    The MOVE website (www.move-cost.info) has been online since March 2010 providing a platform for outreach and promotion of the researcher network, thus also attracting potential new members.

    A bibliography platform (refbase) has been installed during in 2010 that is accessible through the website. The bibliography is being filled by members of the Action.

    A flyer has been produced which in available for dissemination at conferences and other public events since December 2010.

    115 joint publications were generated and reported (see Annex A). Several others probably went unreported.

    12 special issues of journals were produced (see Annex A). 6 of these were generated from workshops funded by IC0903.

    2 textbooks published in 2013, plus one review article in ACM Computing Surveys (Parent et al. 2013).

    Several public tutorials held as outreach activity. For instance, in 2012:

  • Andrienko G, 2012, WUR, Wageningen NL, 21.02.2012
  • Andrienko G, 2012, Univ.Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, 18.04.2012
  • Andrienko G, 2012, MODAP urbanism training school (organized by TU Delft), Delft NL, 14.05.-16.05.2012
  • Demšar U, 2012, Invited PhD course. Topic: Analysis and Visualisation of movement. Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland, Nov 2012.
  • A special session was held featuring key results from IC0903 at the Measuring Behavior 2012 conference, Utrecht (NL) on 28-31 August 2012.
  • Workshop: “Tracking movement using GPS”, at Measuring Behaviour MB2012, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 28-31-08.2012. Francesca Cagnacci (“EURODEER: good practice data management and data sharing can lead to better science”).
  • Y. Theodoridis and N. Pelekis (Univ. of Piraeus) taught a PhD-level intensive course on “Mobility Data Management & Exploration” at the Joint Research Centre JRC of the European Commission, Ispra-Italy, 8-11 April 2013, http://infolab.cs.unipi.gr/tutorials/2013-JRC.html
  • Seraphim Alvanides (Northumbria Uni, UK) gave a series of seminars at TU Dresden, March-July 2013. Topic: Understanding space-time movements of people (bikers, commuters, etc.) with interactive visualisations

  • In 2012, 7 public workshops were organized jointly by MOVE members, outside the MOVE network (for overview reports, see Annex B.3)

    13 Activities and projects with COST network colleagues.

    Joint research projects or collaborations, initiated in 2010 or on-going:

  • ViAMoD (DFG SPP on VA) - Fraunhofer IAIS (Gennady & Natalia Andrienko) and University of Constance (Daniel Keim)
  • MODAP "Mobility, Data Mining, and Privacy", FP7/ICT Coordinate Action, 2009-12, www.modap.org (with ISTI-CNR, Sabanci U., EPFL, U. Lausanne, U.Milan, U. Hagen, U. Venice, Ghent U., Fraunhofer IAIS)
  • Collaboration between NCG/NUI Maynooth, IR (Urška Demšar & Gavin McArdle) and Aalto Univ., FI (Kirsi Virrantaus & Paula Ahonen-Rainio) on visualising trajectories for crisis management.
  • Northumbria University (Newcastle, UK) initiated two positions to MOVE related subjects: Stefan van der Spek (TUD) has been appointed as Visiting Professor (2012-2015); Tijs Neutens has been appointed as Visiting Scolar (2012-2015).

  • Joint funding proposals – awarded and submitted:

  • Joint funding proposal to IRCSET (Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology) Ulysses scheme for research visits between Ireland and France by NCG/NUI Maynooth (Gavin McArdle & Urška Demšar) and French Naval Academy (Christophe Claramunt & Cyril Ray) on the topic of “Movement pattern Analysis for Location-Based Services (MA-LBS)” – grant awarded in Dec 2010 for visits in 2011
  • Funding proposal to Royal Irish Academy Mobility Grant for 2011 by Dr. Gavin McArdle (NUI Maynooth) for continued joint work with Aalto University, the connection of which was established during his STSM in Nov 2011 – results expected in early 2011.
  • SemanticLBS - Semantic location-based services in indoor environments - Partnership Hubert Curien - Pavle Savic, French-Serbian bilateral research cooperation, 2012-2013, Principal investigators: Cyril Ray, Institut de recherche de l'Ecole Navale (IRENAV), Brest, France, Dragan Stojanovic, University of Nis, Serbia
  • FP7 project INSIGHT.
  • Dr Urška Demšar, University of St Andrews, UK & Dr Arzu Çöltekin, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Topic: “Investigating eye-hand coordination in use of spatial visual interfaces”. Funded as The Royal Society International Exchanges Scheme 2012/R2 grant. Funding period: 1 Jan 2013 – 31 Dec 2013.

  • Provided & exchanged datasets:

    Several researchers made data available to the IC0903 community. The InfoLab at the University of Piraeus is implementing a repository for these data sets under the domain www.chorochronos.org, as a migration of the popular www.rtreeportal.org, which mainly focused on spatial and spatio-temporal databases. To list a few, the new repository will include location data and trajectories from road transportation (fleet of trucks, schoolbuses etc.), maritime transporation (AIS signals from vessels) and tracks of animals in the wild. Currently, the design of the web site is being finalized and a proposed meta-data schema is under discussion and evaluation among partners.